In 1873 the local government board were concerned about the high death rate among the people of Margate and sent a Dr Harris to investigate. In his report it was stated that Margate had the eighth highest town death rate from preventable diseases in the country and this was due to poor sanitary conditions and lack of drainage. Recommendations were made to the town council and public health board to resolve the issue.
In 1886 there was an outbreak of typhoid . The local government board tired of the lack of decision by the council sent another inspector in 1887 to investigate further. In his report he listed many reasons for the Typhoid outbreak, like people keeping pigs in their back garden, cess pools , poor sanitary and drainage conditions to name a few. When the report was made public the holiday trade collapsed and there was public out rage at the lack of progress. There were public meetings and counter claims, the most ridiculous being that with a death rate of only 13.2 people per thousand from "scrofulous" diseases that Margate was in fact healthier than most towns. I have posted documents from the time for further reading - Tony Ovenden.